Edit and publish articles and pages on your blog
Last update: February 2019
Since September 2018, the WordPress text editor has undergone a major change. To keep up with current trends, WordPress has replaced the classic editor (TinyMCE) with a block editor (Gutenberg).
If the new text editor opens by default when creating a new article or page, both editors coexist on the Hypotheses blogs until 2021, when WordPress announced that it would stop maintaining the old editor.
Pages and articles can be modified from their editing interfaces in the administration interface of your blog.
- Objects defined on the platform
- Editing interface: elements common to pages and articles
- Create a new article
- Create a new page
- Inserting media into an article or page
Objects defined on the platform
- Articles: They are the heart of your blog, as they represent the most common object found on a blog-type publication medium. Articles can accomodate the majority of the types of texts you would wish to publish on your blog. They can be associated with tags and categories. They appear in anterchronological order in “archive feeds” such as the homepage of the blog (that, by default, contains all the articles), feeds matching an author, a tag or a category. They also appear in the RSS feeds from your blog, to which people can subscribe
- Pages: Pages, in the sense of WordPress, are meant to publish more “static” contents, such as general information about the editorial project of the blog, its editorial team, its academic affiliations, a bibliography, etc. Unlike articles, they cannot be organised in categories or associated with tags. Although they are referenced in search engines such as Google, pages do not appear in the blog’s RSS feeds, and do not appear amidst articles on the blog’s homepage. They can be made accessible via navigation elements such as menus.
Editing interface: elements common to pages and articles
The text editor toolbar
The text editor is equiped with a toolbar that allows users to format a text very easily. This editing mode is called “Visual” and is identified by the tab located on the right above the toolbar. It works on the principle of “What You See Is What You Get“, as on word processing softwares such as Microsoft Word or LibreOffice.
When you receive a brand new Hypotheses blog, this toolbar featured a number of buttons on several lines. The drop-down menus (“File”, “Edit”, “Insert”, etc.) also provide options that sometimes overlap some of the button’s functions. It is possible to customize the toolbar’s buttons, to add of remove buttons in Settings > TinyMCE Advanced.
By clicking on the “Text” tab, it is possible to display the html formatting code of the article. It is not recommended to use this editing mode without a minimum knowledge of html language, but it can be useful to switch to it to correct formatting errors, or to insert embed media.
The other fields
When receiving a brand new Hypotheses blog, a number of fields are present around the main text field. It is possible to choose to hide some of those fields, or to add some others, from the “Screen options” tab located at the very top right of the content editing page.
Of those fields, two are of significant interest to add if they are not shown by default:
- The Author field: the author of a content is by default the user account that creates the content. The author does not change is another user subsequently publishes the content. The author can be changed at any time by users with an “Editor” or “Administrator” role, thanks to the drop-down menu of this Author field: it is therefore possible to assign an article or a page to another author. It is strongly recommended to assign the real name of the author to a content, not the name of a third party who has posted the content online. It is indeed the name entered in this Author field that will be kept as “author” metadata in all databases where this article will appear (more information here).
- The Discussion field: from this field you can customize the settings for comments, pings and trackbacks on a particular article or page. This setting takes precedence over the choices made at the blog level in Settings > Discussion (see the article “Discussions settings options” on the House of blogs). Thanks to this field, it is therefore possible to allow comments on the whole blog except for a particular article, or vice-versa.
Create a new article
In your blog’s dashboard > Articles, click on “Add New” to open the page for editing a new article. This page contains various fields that need to be completed, particularly in the column to the right of the main text field.
The functions block on the right
- The Publish block: it allows you to manage the publication status of the article (draft / pending review / published), its visibility (public / password protected / private), sticking an article on the home page (which makes it appear first even if others are more recent), its publication date (by default the date and time at which the “Publish” button was clicked, but it is possible to backdate or schedule a article);
- The Categories block: allows you to select the appropriate categories for the article;
- The Tags block: these are the keywords, otherwise known as tags, that can be added to an article.
- The Featured Image block: allows you to select an image to be featured on top of the article.
Create a new page
The interface for creating and editing a page works similarly to that of articles but has features that differ among the sidebar blocks of the interface:
- The Parent field: allows you to prioritize pages, a page can be a subpage of another;
- The Order field: allows you to order the pages in a menu that would automatically display them;
- The Template field: allows you to associate a particular layout to them, such as adding or removing a side column of widgets on a page.
Inserting media into an article or page
Reminder on the intellectual property rights of images
Whatever the type of media to be inserted (texts, videos, sound recordings, etc.), it is protected by the author’s rights, which by default prohibits any reuse of a work without authorization and credit.
Nevertheless, whatever the license affixed to the media, it is possible, when technically permitted on the original website, to retrieve its html “embed” code that allows to insert it, without infringing the intellectual property right, in your blog (see the note “Multimedia on your blog” from the House of blogs).
Technically, it is possible to insert all kinds of files into the body of an article or page. To do this, click on the “Add a media” button above the edit bar. A new window then opens, which allows you to load (upload) a file either from your computer or from the Internet if it is already available online (you just have to indicate an url).
Once the media is loaded, it can be described using different fields, by assigning it a title, a caption, an alternative text, and a description. If it is not an image, video or audio recording, a link to the file will be inserted in the post (this is the case for word processing documents or PDFs).
In the case of an image file, it can be finely configured in the post or page, and you can choose to align it on the left, right or center it in relation to the text. An image gallery can be displayed by choosing “Create a gallery” in the media addition interface (see the “A “Lightbox effect on image galleries” of the House of blogs). Then it is possible to assign a precise order of appearance of the images in this gallery.
Hypotheses accepts the following file types: jpg, jpeg, png, gif, mp3, mov, avi, wmv, midi, mid, pdf, doc, odt, xls, zip. The maximum accepted size per file is currently 10 MB.